Passing your MoT Emissions Test
Passing ones MoT emissions test with ones Elise appears to be an annual trauma. This page is the beginnings of a 'how-to' guide of hints and tips to help you through.
A Brief Overview of Emissions Control
Combustion engines of all types generally burn hydrocarbons (HC)as their primary fuel source.
In the limiting case, hydrocarbons combine with ambient oxygen (O2) to create carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O), however an internal combustion engine is never 100% efficient and this chemical reaction usually has some incomplete products, namely carbon monoxide (CO) and unburned hydrocarbons (uHC).
In addition, the normally inert nitrogen (N2) in the air forms oxides of nitrogen (NOx) during the high temperature and pressure phases of the combustion process.
The Lambda Sensor
Otherwise known as an Oxygen Sensor or a HEGO sensor (Heated Exhaust Gas Oxygen), the Lambda sensor returns a voltage signal which is a non-linear function of the amount of oxygen present in the exhaust
Some of the higher performance elises (S160, S190 etc) run a bit close to the wind on emissions, taking the car for a good thrash (10 or 20 miles) to get the CAT fully up to temperature and to burn off some of the carbon hich may have built up in the engine can help.
A leaking exhaust flexi joint can allow some air back up the exhaust and fool the lamda sensor making the ECU run the engine rich which can in turn cause an emissions failure.
Ensure the fuel is fresh. Modern unleaded fuels deteriorate over time, losing volatile constituents. This can be a problem if the car is taken out of winter hibernation straight for MOT. Best to fill with fresh petrol and go for a good run to flush and get everything up to temperature before emissions testing.